Uric acid is the end product of protein breakdown, specifically purine. Our kidneys take care of excreting uric acid via the urine. However when the amount of uric acid is too much, the excess spills into the blood stream. And when the blood and urine are supersaturated with uric acid, it goes into the joints and tendons forming insoluble urate crystals that destroy joint tissues, producing joint pains similar to arthritis.
This type of arthritis, commonly known as gouty arthritis or gout, may become chronic and deforming.
The cause of gout varies but attacks may be precipitated by trauma, alcohol ingestion, over eating, obesity, low carbohydrate diets, surgery, dieresis, infection, drugs, etc.
Diet therapy is currently being used in conjunction with drugs therapy to lower blood uric acid levels. The rationale of the diet is to restrict the intake of foods high in purine to prevent the formation of uric acid. However, since only 15% of uric acid formed daily comes from dietary sources and the rest from tissue turnover, it is only necessary to restrict foods particularly high in purines like organs meats, fish roe, anchovies, sardines, and animal meats. Sources with moderate to low levels of purine such as beans, lentils, peas and other foods from the plant kingdom need not be avoided.
I have come across many diets prescribed for high blood uric acids primarily by physicians. The most popular one is the diet of a physician named Jung in the 60’s. Jung put together a list of foods high in purine which should be avoided to lower uric acid levels. The list is still being used today but considered obsolete in most Western countries which have done scientific research on this problem. The list includes foods such as tomatoes, eggplant, cucumber, beans etc. Again these are plant foods that need not be avoided anymore. Besides, the benefits of the fiber, vitamins and minerals far outweigh effects of the purine content. Another bizarre diet was given to a patient by a physician that restricts the use of round fruits or vegetables to lower the uric acid level. For what reason, I do not know. But any health professional who actually believes that the shape of the food has any relation to its composition needs to go back to school.
What was recently been shown to be more effective in the treatment of gout is weight reduction. Obesity is linked to an increase in the production of uric acid and a decreased ability to eliminate it. Moreover, weight loss should be gradual on a relatively high carbohydrate diet. If a low carbohydrate diet (i.e., no rice or bread) is used muscle is used to provide energy. The end product of muscle breakdown is also uric acid.
In addition, the diet should be low in fat and alcohol. Fat and alcohol prevent uric acid from being secreted. Abundant fluid intake and water is also needed by the kidneys to aid in the excretion of the excess uric acid in the urine.
Uric acid gout diet
Uric acid is a waste product left after the purines in the body decomposes. Acid has been created in the liver and excreted in the urine. The blood carries around this acid, which also passes through the kidneys. When people eat foods that contain a large amount of foods rich in purines, leading to an increase in uric acid levels in the body. While uric acid itself is not actually detrimental to the body, an excess of it can lead to a very painful condition known as gout. More uric acid, which is not eliminated in the urine accumulate in the joints, in the form of crystals. People with gout are usually asked to follow a strict diet to reduce uric acid, to prevent attacks of gout, which can be very painful. The reduction of uric acid in the diet can prevent the situation from getting too painful. So here are some tips to follow a special diet gout uric acid, which can reduce the severity of the condition:
• Avoid or preferable to completely remove the alcohol. Alcoholic beverages, especially wine and beer are rich in purines raise uric acid levels in the body greatly. Alcohol also interferes with the proper disposal of uric acid from the body,
• Water is not only performing one of the most important roles in reducing uric acid, which also cleans toxins from the digestive system. A minimum of 8 glasses of water should be consumed by people suffering from gout.
• An increase in the use of dairy products may help prevent gout uric acid in the problem occurred. Most doctors advise gout patients to increase their consumption of low fat yogurt and cheese.
• Meats are usually high in purines and therefore, the use of red meats, organs such as the tongue and liver, and sauces enriched with meat should be completely avoided.
• Fresh fruit is good for reducing uric acid and therefore, the fruits such as bananas, strawberries and blueberries should be consumed regularly for gout patients. Most doctors also recommend a day-to-day use of black cherry, wild cherry juice or cherries to control gout uric acid.
• Many fresh vegetables are good for reducing uric acid in the body, however, some foods such as spinach, mushrooms, cauliflower, asparagus, peas and beans should be eaten only in limited quantities.
• Food or beverages, which are rich in sugar can aggravate gout, and other symptoms of high uric acid. Therefore, the sweets should be avoided or eaten in small quantities only.
Gout and high uric acid levels can be very serious and should not be ignored or treated. In fact, it is best to contact a physician for information on the oxidation of uric acid, drugs for the treatment of gout uric acid problems, and recommendations to reduce uric acid.